Lack of parental guidance the study suggests that issues of culture where teenagers. What are the side effects of the birth control patch. It prevents pregnancy by stopping sperm from reaching and fertilizing eggs. Teenage pregnancy has become a very serious social problem in south africa, and pregnancy under the age of seventeen has been viewed as a catastrophe for individuals. This work was generously supported by the ford foundations office for southern africa. Todays video is on the patch and all the proscons i can share with you. The contraceptive patch works in the same way as the pill but comes in. Birth control has been used since ancient times, but effective and safe methods of birth control only became available in the 20th century. These are the most effective contraceptives currently on offer.
Whether youre interested in a monthly option like the pill oral contraception or patch. Prevention of teenage pregnancies in soshanguve, south africa. Both use hormones to stop womens ovaries from releasing eggs each month and thus prevent them from becoming pregnant. Fmp recognizes that many parents and guardians may need support to effectively convey values and expectations about sexual behavior and communicate important hiv, std, and pregnancy prevention messages to their children. Part 1 of the series dealt with the consequences of teenage pregnancy. The ortho evra patch is designed to continuously release a steady flow of synthetic estrogen ethinyl estradiol and a type of progestin norelgestromin through the skin and into the bloodstream to protect against pregnancy for 7 days which is why a woman must replace it after each week. Like most birth control pills, the patch and the ring prevent pregnancy with the hormones progestin and estrogen. Here, we explain what it is, how it works and where to get it. Preventing teenage pregnancy how can teenage pregnancy be prevented. The role schools and stakeholders play in reducing teen pregnancy. The transdermal contraceptive patch is a safe and convenient birth control method that works really well if you always use it correctly. The patch contains the same hormones found in combination pills. In february, health minister dr aaron motsoaledi introduced the countrys first below the skin implant to prevent pregnancy, called implanon nxt, as part of new national guidelines aimed to expand womens birth control choices.
Here is the second installment of my birth control series. A new patch needs to be stuck on your skin every week for three weeks, then a week off, before repeating. In south africa contraceptive products are provided free of charge to patients at provincial hospitals and clinics. Contraceptives emergency contraception marie stopes south. Diaphragms, cervical caps, condoms and spermicides. The longawaited contraceptive patch, which studies have shown to be more.
Ive put together a list of important websites i think you need to know about in south africa including groups that can assist you with support and answer any questions you may have about a certain topic. Shaped like a t and a bit bigger than a quarter, an iud fits inside your uterus. Therefore, if people use one of these methods for pregnancy prevention, they should also use latex or plastic condoms to help protect themselves against hiv and other stds. You wear the patch on certain parts of your body, and it releases hormones through your skin that prevent pregnancy.
The newly introduced implant can prevent pregnancy for three years after it has been inserted into a womans upper arm. The role schools and stakeholders play in reducing teen. The birth control patch works by hormones that are absorbed from the patch into your system. In addition to being small, such efforts may or may not be effective in preventing pregnancy. This study explored teenagers knowledge and perceptions regarding teenage pregnancy by using the johnson behavioural system model. People feel they are playing god by using contraceptives and preventing pregnancies.
With typical use, 8 out of every 100 women who use the patch will become pregnant. The patch is applied to the skin once a week for three weeks straight. It prevents pregnancy by changing the hormone balance in your body to stop ovulation. In 2002 time magazine called the first birth control patch the coolest invention of the year and now it has come to south africa. Marie stopes south africa offers a wide range of different contraceptives for. Marie stopes south africa is the countrys largest nonprofit provider of sexual. In fact, we have gone beyond achieving gender parity, to the extent. For the first time, south african women can choose a contraceptive that comes in the form of a patch. They are also not as effective against pregnancy as the pill, injection or iuds. Some think this is oldfashioned, others think it is morally the best thing to do. It sticks to your skin and gradually releases hormones into your body. What about the birth control patch and sexually transmitted infections stis.
Youll need a prescription from your health care provider to use the birth control patch and buy it from your local pharmacy. It contains the same hormones as the combined pill oestrogen and progestogen and works in the same way by preventing the release of an egg each month ovulation. Peel off the back and apply the patch directly to your skin on your lower abdomen, buttocks, upper arm or back. You apply a patch to your arm, stomach or bottom that releases hormones for three weeks. African countries lead the world in teen pregnancies. The patch is so thin that it can be worn unnoticed under clothing, and does not come off, even in. Birth control patch american pregnancy association. In south africa contraceptive products are provided free of charge to patients at.
Looking for how to prevent teenage pregnancy in south africa. Plastic devices like mirena release progestin and prevent pregnancy for three to six years, depending on the brand. Birth control, also known as contraception and fertility control, is a method or device used to prevent pregnancy. The top 6 birth control options sexual healthclicks. The birth control patch prevents pregnancy in one of three ways. Contraceptive patch a small, stickon patch, placed by the woman that releases. New birth control hits mark with mpumalanga women healthe. The need to prevent early pregnancy among adolescent girls in subsaharan africa has been recognized increasingly over recent years. Its up to 99% effective if replaced on time every time. This is when a person decides not to have sex until they are married. Note that effective as these methods are at preventing pregnancy, only a barrier. Majority of service providers believe poverty is a major factor causing teenage pregnancy while these practices as strategies by the youth to alleviate poverty, they however are further exposed to stis and in particular, hiv and aids. If you keep having side effects that bother you, talk with your nurse or doctor about trying another birth control method. The patch releases a daily dose of hormones through the skin into the bloodstream to prevent pregnancy.
Combined hormonal methods include the contraceptive patch, combined injectables, vaginal rings. Contraception is commonly used in south africa to prevent unwanted pregnancies. Reducing rates of teenage pregnancy is an important part of the agenda of action for meeting most of the millenium development goals. Determinants of adolescent pregnancy in subsaharan africa. Financial needs can also result in teenage pregnancy. It releases hormones through the skin into the bloodstream to prevent pregnancy. There were 1,560 recorded maternal deaths in 2011 and 1,426 in 2012. The fight to stop teenage pregnancy brand south africa. A study of the high rate of teenage pregnancy in high schools in the ilembe district. Pregnancy is possible when you stop using the birth control patch. Theyre at least 9899% effective if taken according to instructions. Different types of female contraception available in south africa. The contraceptive patch works by releasing the hormones estrogen and progestogen into the bloodstream.
South africa has the best provision of reproductive health care and hiv prevention programmes in subsaharan africa, yet the data presented here indicate that we continue to fail young women in terms of ensuring their access to and use of contraceptives. Lastly, the role of social workers and teenage pregnancy prevention will be explored. The beige patch sticks to the skin and helps prevent pregnancy. What causes the high rate of teenage pregnancy in south. You use the patch and the ring for 3 weeks, then stop for. Knowledge, attitude and practice on malaria prevention and.
Awareness of prevention of teenage pregnancy amongst. The birth control patch prevents pregnancy by stopping sperm from joining with an egg which is called fertilization. This popular birth control shot is out of stock for the. A birth control patch is commonly known as ortho evra or evra patch. Contraceptives emergency contraception marie stopes. Disproportionate rates of unintended pregnancy, abortion, and teenage childbearing among black women speak to the need for greater access to and use of effective contraceptive methods. Jul 05, 2018 emergency contraceptives are contraceptives that are taken or inserted if a copper iud within a few days after unprotected sex to help prevent implantation of a fertilized egg and a possible resulting pregnancy. Africa are often resistant to go to clinics for either contraception or pregnancy. Contraception birth control family planning is the deliberate use of artificial methods or other techniques to prevent pregnancy as a consequence of sexual intercourse. Young womens ratings of three placebo multipurpose prevention technologies for hiv and pregnancy prevention in a randomized, crossover study in kenya and south africa published online march 20, 2018. This means that with perfect use, less than 1 out of every 100 women who use the patch will become pregnant. There are a number of initiatives behind this drop, such as lovelife, south africas largest national aids prevention, education and behaviour campaign for young people. This emerged at the presentation by the department of social development of a study known as factors associated with teenage pregnancy in gauteng.
With so many birth control options, choosing one can be tricky. The south african government must ensure all departments work together to urgently address all the barriers that place the health of pregnant women and girls at risk. You wear the patch on your belly, upper arm, butt, or back, and your skin. Contraceptives emergency contraception marie stopes south africa. Dec 19, 2019 the patch is so thin that it can be worn unnoticed under clothing, and does not come off, even in humid conditions or during strenuous exercise. Provides a backup plan to avoid an unplanned pregnancy after unprotected sex. The birth control patch is a method of hormonal contraception. Clinical studies, a part of which was conducted in south africa.
Mr hubert mweli, director general, dbe, said that although south africa is not among the top 10 countries with a high learner pregnancy rate, it is a country associated with a number of risks. The implant contraceptive is relatively new to south africa, and for that reason theres a lot of mystery and uncertainty surrounding it. Here are strategies and tips for helping high schoolaged girls, teenagers prevent pregnancy. You use the patch and the ring for 3 weeks, then stop for one. Like most birth control pills, the patch contains the hormones estrogen and progestin.
So unless you are in a trusting, longterm relationship and have both been tested for hiv and other infections, be sure to use a condom as well. That is the big question that cdc south africa and its partner, epicentre, are hoping to answer by the end of 2018. Implants for delivery of antiretroviral drugs for hiv pre. Update report on teen pregnancy prevention, 2007, which was also developed collaboratively by the best start resource centre and the sex information and education council of canada. You can go in the shower, swim and exercise whilst wearing. Patch set to put the pill to rest south africa news. The latest contraceptive options for women health24. Planning, making available, and using birth control is called family planning.
A study of the high rate of teenage pregnancy in high. The advent of democracy in south africa in 1994 was coincidentally accompanied by an avalanche of research on the nationwide risk factors of teenage pregnancy. The rate of learner pregnancy in south africa, highlighted by improved reporting in the department of basic education dbe, has become a major social, systemic and fiscal challenge not only for the basic education sector, but crucially, for national development in general and for the basic education system in particular. Serious problems from using the birth control patch are very. Contraception services articles dischem pharmacists who care. The current study was conducted to assess the awareness of teenagers on the prevention of teenage pregnancy tp in six secondary school learners situated in the soutpansbergwest circuit, makhado municipality in limpopo province. Condoms are contraceptives that offer the most protection against sexually transmitted infections, although protection is not 100%.
The patch is safe for most people, but all medicines have some side effects and risks. South africa has an unacceptably high rate of maternal mortality. There is a very small risk of some serious side effects when you use a hormonal contraceptive, such as the contraceptive patch. Websites every pregnant woman should know about in south africa. National policy on prevention and management of learner. In south africa sa, more than 30% of teenage girls fall pregnant,1 while between 65% and 71% of the pregnancies among the youth are unplanned. Teenage pregnancy rates and associations with other health. Some women, who want to stop their periods completely, dont take a week off. Clinical studies, a part of which was conducted in south africa, showed that compliancy rates were much higher among users of the patch than the pill 88 % as opposed to 75% for the pill. Women no longer have to worry about remembering to take their birth control pill every day.
South africa has important lessons for other countries in this regard as the rate of teenage pregnancy is high but has declined very substantially over the last twenty years. Diaphragms and cervical caps are not freely available in south africa. Note that effective as these methods are at preventing pregnancy, only a barrier method the male condom 98% effective or female condom 95% effective can protect against stis, including hiv. Also avoid using the patch if youve had any of these health problems. But in choosing a method, its important to discuss it with your healthcare practitioner, to be sure its the best option for your specific lifestyle and health needs, says dr deborah constant, senior researcher in the womens health research unit at the university of cape town. Leave the patch in place for a week and then replace with a new one. Mg the sugar daddy phenomenon has been listed as one of the factors that contribute to teenage pregnancy. Its a small, square patch that looks like a plastic bandage. But dont stop using the patch without starting a new method if you can, or you wont be protected from pregnancy. You wear the patch on your belly, upper arm, butt, or back, and your skin absorbs the hormones into your body.
Twothirds of sexually active women in south africa are using contraception to prevent unplanned pregnancy, yet almost 90 000 abortions were performed in government clinics and hospitals in the 201220 financial year almost 20 000 more than the previous year according to the national health department. To examine the trends in teenage pregnancy and to identify associations with other health risk behaviours in south africa sa, a total of 31 816 south african schoolgoing adolescents between 11 to 19 years of age were interviewed in three crosssectional surveys. Fieldworkers from epicentre have been working around the clock to survey 18,500 agyw in four of the five districts in south africa where the. The birth control patch contains estrogen and progestin. Reproductive health and emergency contraception in south. You put on a new patch and take off the old patch once a week for 3 weeks, 21 total days. The increase in the termination of pregnancies in the study area, and the lack of guidelines for registered professional nurses to prevent teenage pregnancies, were reasons for undertaking this study. These are similar to the hormones our bodies make naturally. Contraception use and pregnancy among 1524 year old south. First, it prevents eggs from being released from the ovaries. For most women, the benefits of the patch outweigh the possible risks, but you should discuss all risks and benefits with a gp or nurse before starting the patch.
Second, it thickens the cervical mucus preventing the sperm from reaching the egg. Community participation in teenage pregnancy prevention. Use a condom with your patch to help stop pregnancy and stds. The patch should be applied to clean, dry skin and you should avoid using any creams or lotions near a patch youre already wearing to ensure it sticks as much as possible. We studied the knowledge, attitude and practices of pregnant women on malaria prevention, assessed their knowledge of sulfadoxinepyrimethamine sp for intermittent preventive therapy in pregnancy iptpsp, and used the outcomes to create awareness on malaria prevention with iptpsp. What it is, how it works, and whether its right for you.1090 1230 321 543 29 698 1048 106 174 875 213 540 63 747 179 472 948 1287 131 45 884 645 576 620 930 277 1020 760 997 323 955 1362 1398 1419 854 706 625 785 110 278 650 283 447 841 1304 999 959 1062